"Metascience is the use of scientific methodology to study science itself. Metascience seeks to increase the quality of scientific research while reducing inefficiency."
Metascience is the study of the methods and procedures used in scientific research. It is concerned with the identification and characterization of the basic elements of scientific inquiry, and with the ways in which these elements interact to produce reliable knowledge.
Metascience is not primarily concerned with the interpretation or justification of scientific theories, as philosophy of science is. Rather, its focus is on the study of scientific methods and procedures, and on the ways in which they can be improved.
There are four main goals of metascience:
- To identify the basic elements of scientific inquiry
- To characterize the ways in which these elements interact
- To determine the conditions under which scientific knowledge is produced
- To develop ways of improving the quality and reliability of scientific research
Science productivity could be further improved. Focused Research Organizations and ideas like Private ARPA show one potential solution. This type of organization starts with a goal in mind and works backward to get there. The core idea is that sometimes scientific progress requires putting existing building blocks together with a bigger engineering effort to realize them.
Applied positive meta-science by José Ricon; Summary
- Finding more building blocks: better scientific tools, models, datasets etc.
- Tools for (scientific) thought: better tools for all steps of science
- Time is all you need? Freeing up scientists time from grants, administrative and manual work etc.
- Various proposals to improve science: Software, Tooling, New Institutions, Funding mechanisms, Activities and norms
- New Science’s Report on the NIH by Matt Faherty
- Shifting the impossible to the inevitable: A Private ARPA user manual by Ben Reinhardt
- Applied positive meta-science by José Ricon
- Science funding essays by José Ricon
- Unblock research bottlenecks with non-profit start-ups ‘Focused research organizations’ can take on mid-scale projects that don’t get tackled by academia, venture capitalists or government labs. by Adam Marblestone et al., Nature
- How Should We Critique Research? by Gwern